OrthoWashington hip surgery.


Hip Anatomy, Function and Common Problems

Anatomic Terms

Anterior — the abdominal side (front) of the hip

Posterior — the back side of the hip

Medial — the side of the hip closest to the spine

Lateral — the side of the hip farthest from the spine

Abduction — move away from the body (raising the leg)

Adduction — move toward the body (lowering the leg)

Proximal — located nearest to the point of attachment or reference, or center of the body

Distal — located farthest from the point of attachment or reference, or center of the body

Inferior — located beneath, under or below; under surface

Anatomy of the Hip

Bony Structures of the Hip

Bones of the Hip Joint

Hip Ligaments

Muscles of the Hip

  • flexion – bend
  • extension – straighten
  • abduction – take the leg away from the body
  • adduction – bring the leg back toward the body

Blood Vessels and Nerves of the Hip


Common Problems of the Hip

  • Aseptic or Avascular necrosis
  • Congenital Dislocation
  • Perthes’ disease
  • Aplasia of the acetabulum
  • Coxa valga
  • Coxa vara
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Dislocation
  • Bursitis
  • Legg-Perthes disease
  • Bone tumor
  • Fracture


OrthoWashington in Kirkland, WA is a premiere orthopedic practice and surgery center with surgeons and doctors serving patients in the greater Bellevue and Seattle areas.

©2019 OrthoWashington
a dba of Washington Sports Medicine Associates
All rights reserved




OrthoWashington on Facebook OrthoWashington on Twitter