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Sports Medicine Resources

SPORTS MEDICINE RESOURCES

Sports injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises.

Prevention

Proactive measures to help prevent sports related injuries include:

  • Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles.
  • Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise.
  • Ensure that you wear properly-fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouthguards, and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity which will help to reduce the chances of injury.
  • Make sure that you follow warm up and cool down exercises before and after sports activity. Exercises will help to stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries.
  • Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal.
  • Maintain a healthy diet which will nourish the muscles.
  • Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for sometime after playing.
  • Learn all the rules of the game you are playing.
  • Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport.

Treatment

The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations. The most common treatments recommended for injury are rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).

  • Rest: Avoid activities that may cause further injury.
  • Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area which will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin.
  • Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can help accomplish this.
  • Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.

Shoulder Injuries

Severe pain in shoulders while playing your favorite sports such as tennis, basketball and gymnastics may be because of torn ligament in shoulder or shoulder dislocation. These may be caused by overuse of shoulder while playing sports. Simple pain or acute injuries may be treated with conservative treatment and chronic injuries may require surgical treatment.

Hip Injuries

Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. Hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible for injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy is often recommended following the medical intervention where you need to perform certain exercises to strengthen the muscles and improve the movements.

Knee Injuries

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is major stabilizing ligament in the knee which may tear with over use of knee for playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and may cause instability. Other common sports injuries in knee are cartilage damage and meniscal tear. Knee injuries of sports may require surgical intervention that can be performed using open surgical or minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon will recommend you for physical therapy to strengthen your muscles, improve elasticity and improve the movements of the bones and joints.

Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries include the injuries in the leg below the knee and they are common while playing sports such as football, hockey, skating and in athletes. Treatment for some of these conditions may be orthotics, braces, physical therapy, injections or surgery. Common sports injuries include sprains and strains, ankle fractures, and Achilles tendinitis.

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.

INJURY PREVENTION PROTOCOLS

RESOURCE LINKS

(links coming soon)

ACL INJURY: SHOULD IT BE FIXED?

ACL RECONSTRUCTION

ACTIVITIES AFTER A KNEE REPLACEMENT

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ON THE KNEE

ADOLESCENT ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN

ARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

CARE OF THE AGING KNEE: BABY BOOMERS MAY NEED LIFESTYLE CHANGES

CEMENTED AND CEMENTLESS KNEE REPLACEMENT

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS

EXERCISES FOR YOUNG ATHLETES

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

GOOSEFOOT (PES ANSERINE) BURSITIS OF THE KNEE

HEAT INJURY

THE IMPACT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

THE KNEE

KNEE ARTHROSCOPY

KNEE ARTHROSCOPY EXERCISE GUIDE

KNEE IMPLANTS

KNEE LIGAMENT INJURIES

KNEE REPLACEMENT EXERCISE GUIDE

KNEECAP (PREPATELLAR) BURSITIS

MENISCAL TEAR

MENISCAL TRANSPLANTS

MINIMALLY INVASIVE TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

MUSCLE CONTUSION (BRUISE)

MUSCLE CRAMP

NONSURGICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

ORTHOPAEDISTS RESEARCH FEMALE KNEE PROBLEMS

OSGOOD-SCHLATTER DISEASE (KNEE PAIN)

OSTEONECROSIS OF THE KNEE

OSTEOTOMY AND UNICOMPARTMENTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY

PLAYING IT SAFE ON THE TENNIS COURT

POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (PCL) TEAR

ROTATING PLATFORM/MOBILE-BEARING KNEES

PREVENT GOLF INJURIES

PREVENT INLINE SKATING INJURIES

PREVENT SCOOTER-RELATED INJURIES

RUNNER'S KNEE (PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN)

RETURN TO PLAY

SHIN SPLINTS

SKATEBOARDING SAFETY

SPORTS NUTRITION

SPRAINS AND STRAINS

STRESS FRACTURES

SURGICAL TREATMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

UNSTABLE KNEECAP

VISCOSUPPLEMENTATION TREATMENT FOR ARTHRITIS

WOMEN AND ACL INJURIES

 

OrthoWashington Sports Medicine Resources

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